Optimal plasticisers

Elastomer to oil compatibility is the key to selecting plasticisers for rubber formulations. A major evaluation of mineral oils highlights the importance of polarity, and explains how Nynas is able to offer broad solutions.

Patrik Salomonsson

Development Engineer, Nynas

Works with product development and application support for the Tyre and Industrial rubber segment. He joined Nynas in 2014.

“Compatibility between the oil and the polymer is important, as it ensures proper miscibility of formulation components and long-term stability of the final rubber material,” says Patrik Salomonsson, Development Engineer, Nynas Naphthenics.

Oils are used by, for instance, tyre manufacturers to plasticise or soften commonly-used rigid polymers of high molecular weight, making these easier to process. By helping to solubilise and disperse various additives and fillers used in the compound formulation, the extender oils also play a part in modulating the rubber’s final physical properties, such as hardness, mechanical strength and durability. Furthermore, the intrinsic properties of the oil will influence the low temperature performance of the rubber.

A common method for assessing the compatibility between plasticisers and polymers is to immerse standard reference elastomers in oils under specific conditions, and then measure how the rubber pieces change in terms of mass and dimensions.

“Swelling or shrinkage, together with changes in hardness and other properties, will give you a good indication of the mutual affinity between the components,” explains Patrik Salomonsson.

Evaluating Nynas process oils with a broad range of elastomers of varying type, composition and curing chemistries, covering the entire spectrum from non-polar to highly polar elastomers, he was able to establish the advantages of naphthenic oils.

“Generally speaking, mineral oils exhibit low polarity due to their non-polar paraffinic chains. Any addition to the polarity will depend on the degree of unsaturation, usually in the form of aromatic structures. Owing to its high content of naphthenic rings, which are an intermediary between paraffinic and aromatic molecules in terms of solvent power, the polarity of naphthenic oils can be optimised to produce plasticisers with a balanced or even customised paraffinic, naphthenic or aromatic character,” he says.

“It is the versatility of naphthenic oils that enables Nynas to offer solutions to a wide range of rubber producers.”

Polarity match

  • The comprehensive study showed that matching polarity is key to successful compatibility between oil and polymer. In naphthenic oils, the polarity can be optimised, enabling it to match the polarity of the polymer used in a particular rubber formulation.
  • The results also indicate how a plasticiser’s average molecular weight, viscosity gravity constant and aniline point – the latter two being common solvency indicators – can be used to predict process oil compatibility with various elastomers.

Further reading

A winning recipe for winter tyres

Offering excellent low temperature performance as winter tyre plasticisers, Nynas NYTEX® oils, including the new bio-based tyre oil NYTEX® BIO 6200, prove perfect for a growing, but demanding market.

Performance testing in real tyres

Nynas is stepping up its commitment to sustainability by bringing its tyre testing from the lab to the field – testing the performance of its biobased NYTEX® BIO 6200 oil in real tyres.

Efficient performance

Flashback to 2017 when Nynas did a real life tyre test, comparing Group I paraffinic base oil derivatives TDAE and RAE with naphthenic oils. As the base oil industry is increasingly moving away from Group I production, this test is more relevant than ever. The results showed that naphthenic oils are an excellent solution to formulate high performance tyre compounds – now with the extra benefit of future supply security.

THERE IS MORE TO US THAN THIS

We are delighted you are interested in our products. If you have any questions about our products and services, get in touch with your local Nynas contact. Besides top quality oils, we offer a wide range of services, including rapid delivery worldwide, training, seminars and much more. All you have to do is ask.

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APAC Regional Director

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Sales Executive

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Sales Executive Nordic

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Channel Manager CEETMEIA

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Sameen Kadli

Customer Service Executive

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Sibala Libish Kumar

Customer Service Executive

 Paul Bester

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Channel Manager CEETMEIA

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Sameen Kadli

Customer Service Executive

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Customer Service Executive

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Lina Maria Zuluaga

Lina Maria Zuluaga

Sales Executive

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Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

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Lina Maria Zuluaga

Sales Executive

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Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Lina Maria Zuluaga

Lina Maria Zuluaga

Sales Executive

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Martin Vergara

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APAC Regional Director

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 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Paul Bester

Paul Bester

Channel Manager CEETMEIA

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Customer Service Executive

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Customer Service Executive

 Abigail Waller

Abigail Waller

General Manager / Sales Manager

Farhana Mitha

Farhana Mitha

Sales Executive

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Marco Roncelli

Marco Roncelli

Sales Executive

 Ilenia Bellotti

Ilenia Bellotti

Customer Service Executive

Daniele Frustagli

General Manager

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Jason Wong

Jason Wong

APAC Regional Director

 Rio Nasution

Rio Nasution

General Manager / Sales Manager

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

 Dawn Tay

Dawn Tay

Customer Service Executive

 Ovidiu Nan

Ovidiu Nan

General Manager

Sabine Langmuller

Sabine Langmuller

Customer Service Coordinator

 Ovidiu Nan

Ovidiu Nan

General Manager

Sabine Langmuller

Sabine Langmuller

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Jason Wong

Jason Wong

APAC Regional Director

 Rio Nasution

Rio Nasution

General Manager / Sales Manager

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

 Dawn Tay

Dawn Tay

Customer Service Executive

 Myriam Picado

Myriam Picado

General Manager / Sales Manager

 Juan Jiménez

Juan Jiménez

Sales Executive

 Jose Luis Maceda

Jose Luis Maceda

Customer Service Coordinator

 Gloria Villaverde Parrado

Gloria Villaverde Parrado

Customer Service Executive

Maria Jose Municio

Maria Jose Municio

Sales Executive

Maria Jose Municio

Maria Jose Municio

Sales Executive

 Jason Wong

Jason Wong

APAC Regional Director