Optimal plasticisers

Elastomer to oil compatibility is the key to selecting plasticisers for rubber formulations. A major evaluation of mineral oils highlights the importance of polarity, and explains how Nynas is able to offer broad solutions.

Patrik Salomonsson

Development Engineer
Nynas AB

“Compatibility between the oil and the polymer is important, as it ensures proper miscibility of formulation components and long-term stability of the final rubber material,” says Patrik Salomonsson, Development Engineer, Nynas Naphthenics.

Oils are used by, for instance, tyre manufacturers to plasticise or soften commonly-used rigid polymers of high molecular weight, making these easier to process. By helping to solubilise and disperse various additives and fillers used in the compound formulation, the extender oils also play a part in modulating the rubber’s final physical properties, such as hardness, mechanical strength and durability. Furthermore, the intrinsic properties of the oil will influence the low temperature performance of the rubber.

A common method for assessing the compatibility between plasticisers and polymers is to immerse standard reference elastomers in oils under specific conditions, and then measure how the rubber pieces change in terms of mass and dimensions.

“Swelling or shrinkage, together with changes in hardness and other properties, will give you a good indication of the mutual affinity between the components,” explains Patrik Salomonsson.

Evaluating Nynas process oils with a broad range of elastomers of varying type, composition and curing chemistries, covering the entire spectrum from non-polar to highly polar elastomers, he was able to establish the advantages of naphthenic oils.

“Generally speaking, mineral oils exhibit low polarity due to their non-polar paraffinic chains. Any addition to the polarity will depend on the degree of unsaturation, usually in the form of aromatic structures. Owing to its high content of naphthenic rings, which are an intermediary between paraffinic and aromatic molecules in terms of solvent power, the polarity of naphthenic oils can be optimised to produce plasticisers with a balanced or even customised paraffinic, naphthenic or aromatic character,” he says.

“It is the versatility of naphthenic oils that enables Nynas to offer solutions to a wide range of rubber producers.”

Polarity match

  • The comprehensive study showed that matching polarity is key to successful compatibility between oil and polymer. In naphthenic oils, the polarity can be optimised, enabling it to match the polarity of the polymer used in a particular rubber formulation.
  • The results also indicate how a plasticiser’s average molecular weight, viscosity gravity constant and aniline point – the latter two being common solvency indicators – can be used to predict process oil compatibility with various elastomers.

Further reading

Better tyre recipes

Multivariate analysis tools can help Nynas and its customers to optimise the formulation of tyre rubber compounds, Nynas researchers conclude after some initial tests.

Efficient performance

Flashback to 2017 when Nynas did a real life tyre test, comparing Group I paraffinic base oil derivatives TDAE and RAE with naphthenic oils. As the base oil industry is increasingly moving away from Group I production, this test is more relevant than ever. The results showed that naphthenic oils are an excellent solution to formulate high performance tyre compounds – now with the extra benefit of future supply security.

NYTEX® 4700: Top tip for tyres

Secure supply, improved fuel efficiency, and a smaller carbon footprint make NYTEX® 4700 an attractive alternative for tyre manufacturers struggling to find formulation solutions for replacing Treated Distillate Aromatic Extract (TDAE) oil in their high-performance rubber compounds.

THERE IS MORE TO US THAN THIS

We are delighted you are interested in our products. If you have any questions about our products and services, get in touch with your local Nynas contact. Besides top quality oils, we offer a wide range of services, including rapid delivery worldwide, training, seminars and much more. All you have to do is ask.

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Customer Service Executive

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Regional Director

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Martin Vergara

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Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

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Customer Service Executive

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Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

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General Manager

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Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Sales Executive Nordic

Margita Thorén

Customer Service Coordinator

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Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

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Regional Director

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David Barnett

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Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

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General Manager Germany & Austria

Lars Fischer

Lars Fischer

Sales Executive Process Oils

 Elena Campmann

Elena Campmann

Customer Service Specialist – Global Processes and Development Lead

Selina Walther

Selina Walther

Customer Service Coordinator

Michelle Krämer

Michelle Krämer

Customer Service Coordinator

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General Manager

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Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

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General Manager

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Marcela Tocelis

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Juan Pablo Pace

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Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

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Customer Service Executive

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Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

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Marcela Tocelis

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Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

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Regional Director

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General Manager

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Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

 Ovidiu Nan

Ovidiu Nan

General Manager

Sabine Langmuller

Sabine Langmuller

Customer Service Coordinator

Daniele Frustagli

General Manager

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Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

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Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

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Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

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Sales Manager

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

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General Manager

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Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

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Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

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Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

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Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

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Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

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Regional Director

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Sales Manager

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Sales Executive Nordic

Margita Thorén

Customer Service Coordinator

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Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

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David Barnett

General Manager

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Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

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Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Area Sales Manager

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General Manager

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General Manager

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Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

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Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

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Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

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Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Daniele Frustagli

General Manager

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

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Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

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Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

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General Manager

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Sales Manager France

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Customer Service Executive

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Christine Le Garrec

Customer Service Coordinator

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Customer Service Coordinator

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David Barnett

General Manager

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Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

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Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Jaap Schoneveld

Jaap Schoneveld

Sales Manager

 Eric Sprumont

Eric Sprumont

Sales Executive

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

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Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

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Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Executive

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Customer Service Coordinator

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Henrik Marits

Sales Manager

Viktor Risendal

Sales Executive Nordic

Margita Thorén

Customer Service Coordinator

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Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

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Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Martin Vergara

Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

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Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

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Lawrence Teo

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Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

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Regional Director

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Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

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Customer Service Executive

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Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

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Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

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Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

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Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

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Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

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Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

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Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

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Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

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Ovidiu Nan

General Manager

Sabine Langmuller

Sabine Langmuller

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Daniele Frustagli

General Manager

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

 Ovidiu Nan

Ovidiu Nan

General Manager

Sabine Langmuller

Sabine Langmuller

Customer Service Coordinator

 Ovidiu Nan

Ovidiu Nan

General Manager

Sabine Langmuller

Sabine Langmuller

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

 Myriam Picado

Myriam Picado

General Manager / Sales Manager

 Juan Jiménez

Juan Jiménez

Sales Executive

 Jose Luis Maceda

Jose Luis Maceda

Customer Service Coordinator

 Gloria Villaverde Parrado

Gloria Villaverde Parrado

Customer Service Executive

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Martin Vergara

Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

 Juan Pablo Pace

Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Henrik Marits

Henrik Marits

Sales Manager

Viktor Risendal

Sales Executive Nordic

Margita Thorén

Customer Service Coordinator

Eric Alfosea

Eric Alfosea

Sales Manager France

 Stéphanie Ly

Stéphanie Ly

Customer Service Executive

 Christine Le Garrec

Christine Le Garrec

Customer Service Coordinator

Sheilo Mienandi

Sheilo Mienandi

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Martin Vergara

Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

 Juan Pablo Pace

Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

Eric Alfosea

Eric Alfosea

Sales Manager France

 Stéphanie Ly

Stéphanie Ly

Customer Service Executive

 Christine Le Garrec

Christine Le Garrec

Customer Service Coordinator

Sheilo Mienandi

Sheilo Mienandi

Customer Service Coordinator

Emil Cuculayef

Emil Cuculayef

Sales Manager

 Banu Kibar

Banu Kibar

Customer Service Executive

Cagatay Gürol

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Sales Manager

Shoeb Ahmed

Shoeb Ahmed

Customer Service Coordinator

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Global Customer Service Specialist & Project lead

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Martin Vergara

Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

 Juan Pablo Pace

Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Marcela Tocelis

Marcela Tocelis

Sales Manager / Acting General Manager

 Martin Vergara

Martin Vergara

Customer Service Executive

 Juan Pablo Pace

Juan Pablo Pace

Customer Service Coordinator

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

Alistair Meyer

Alistair Meyer

Regional Director

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

General Manager

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator