A balancing act

Dwindling Group I capacity spells problems for lubricant producers relying on bright stock and heavy neutrals for their products. Can naphthenics help balance supply and demand?

Gaia Franzolin

“Bright stock and heavy neutrals are the collateral damage of the ongoing shift in the paraffinic pool due to the rationalisation of Group I production. Capacities of 550 ktpa for bright stock and 2 million tpa for heavy neutrals are at stake over the period 2016-2021,” says R&D Nynas.

The production shift away from Group I is likely to lead to shortages for both grades. Faced with such disruption, the market will have to find ways of balancing supply and demand, and options include everything from reformulation to lighter lubricant grades to replacing bright stock and heavy neutrals with alternative base stocks.

The technical requirements of each application will determine which option is the most viable. In some cases, reformulation to lighter grades is possible.

However, reformulation can turn out to be very costly, and the use of lighter lubricants might not always be ideal in terms of performance. To find replacements for bright stock, lubricant blenders might consider using either synthetic fluids or heavy naphthenic oils.

Heavy naphthenics offer excellent solvency, which is an important feature in the formulation of industrial lubricants. Also, heavy naphthenic oils are the only non-synthetic alternative to bright stock, and although they have a lower viscosity index than paraffinic oils, in several industrial applications the temperature variation is not wide enough to justify the need for a high viscosity index.

To replace Group I heavy neutrals will be equally tricky. When solvency is required, naphthenic heavy neutrals are the best option. In applications where a high viscosity index is important, Group II heavy neutrals should be preferred. A third option is to blend these two alternative base stocks.

Blends offer Advantages

Blends of Group II and naphthenic oils offer several advantages, as they mimic the properties of Group I paraffinic oils.

  • As 1:1 Group I replacements, blends will minimise the necessity for reformulation. Blends even offer advantages over the Group I heavy neutrals they are replacing, having better oxidation stability and response to antioxidants along with excellent low temperature properties and response to pour point depressants.
  • Blends are also inherently flexible, enabling tailor-made oil products to suit specific applications for, for instance, lubricating greases, industrial engine oils, gear oils, and hydraulic fluids.

The supply-demand balance for Group I heavy neutrals is expected to change dramatically over the period 2016-2021.

Further reading

How base oil selection determines metalworking fluid emulsion stability

Metalworking fluids (MWF) are used to aid the process of metal machining, mainly by providing lubrication of the workpiece and tool, by providing cooling and corrosion protection.

Matching polarity essential in bentonite grease

Naphthenic base oils work perfectly well in bentonite grease as long as producers make sure that they match the polarity of the oil to that of the bentonite. René Abrahams offers some advice to grease formulators.

Connecting the dots

Pär Wedin at Nynas proposes a shift from one point to another one, from aniline point to turbidity point. Now, standardisation bodies SIS and ISO are mulling over his proposal.

THERE IS MORE TO US THAN THIS

We are delighted you are interested in our products. If you have any questions about our products and services, get in touch with your local Nynas contact. Besides top quality oils, we offer a wide range of services, including rapid delivery worldwide, training, seminars and much more. All you have to do is ask.

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Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Paul Bester

Paul Bester

Channel Manager CEETMEIA

 Sameen Kadli

Sameen Kadli

Customer Service Executive

 Sibala Libish Kumar

Sibala Libish Kumar

Customer Service Executive

 Abigail Waller

Abigail Waller

General Manager / Sales Manager

Farhana Mitha

Farhana Mitha

Sales Executive

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

Marco Roncelli

Marco Roncelli

Sales Executive

 Ilenia Bellotti

Ilenia Bellotti

Customer Service Executive

Daniele Frustagli

General Manager

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Jason Wong

Jason Wong

APAC Regional Director

 Rio Nasution

Rio Nasution

General Manager / Sales Manager

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

 Dawn Tay

Dawn Tay

Customer Service Executive

 Ovidiu Nan

Ovidiu Nan

General Manager

Sabine Langmuller

Sabine Langmuller

Customer Service Coordinator

 Ovidiu Nan

Ovidiu Nan

General Manager

Sabine Langmuller

Sabine Langmuller

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

David Barnett

David Barnett

Sales Manager

 Melissa Hill

Melissa Hill

Sales Representative

 Samantha Moodley

Samantha Moodley

Customer Service Executive

Lee Anne Williams

Lee Anne Williams

Customer Service Coordinator

 Jason Wong

Jason Wong

APAC Regional Director

 Rio Nasution

Rio Nasution

General Manager / Sales Manager

Lawrence Teo

Lawrence Teo

Area Sales Manager Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh

 Georgina Ng

Georgina Ng

Customer Service Executive

 Dawn Tay

Dawn Tay

Customer Service Executive

 Myriam Picado

Myriam Picado

General Manager / Sales Manager

 Juan Jiménez

Juan Jiménez

Sales Executive

 Jose Luis Maceda

Jose Luis Maceda

Customer Service Coordinator

 Gloria Villaverde Parrado

Gloria Villaverde Parrado

Customer Service Executive

Maria Jose Municio

Maria Jose Municio

Sales Executive

Maria Jose Municio

Maria Jose Municio

Sales Executive

 Jason Wong

Jason Wong

APAC Regional Director

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